Top Middle East Experiences

Exploring the Pyramids of Giza and Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt.

Visiting the Blue Mosque and Topkapi Palace, both stunning examples of Ottoman architecture in Istanbul, Turkey.

Seeing the ancient city of Petra in Jordan.

Bargaining for exotic souvenirs like hand-painted tagines or leather handicrafts in the souks of Marrakech, Morocco

Taking a Nile River Cruise and exploring the surrounding areas.

Riding a camel and camping in a Bedouin tent in the Sahara Desert of Tunisia.

Hiking North Africa’s highest peak, Jebel Toubkal, Morocco’s High Atlas, and along the way meeting the Berber people along the way.

Scuba diving in Ras Mohammed National Park off the coast of Egypt.

Touring the Old City of Jerusalem, where multiple histories, religions, and cultures intersect

Visiting Shiraz, the City of Roses, known for its poetry and vineyards, and the close by ancient city ruins of Persepolis in Iran.



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Top Middle East Attractions

Pyramid of Giza

Sahara Desert

Shiraz

Jerusalem

Petra

Nile River


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Middle East Attractions And Landmarks Guide

While the Middle East has been plagued by turmoil in Syria and Iraq, there are still many countries welcoming to visitors. Turkey -- most of which is located in Asia -- is by far the most visited destination, though Dubai and the United Arab Emirates are increasingly popular. Egypt, situated mostly on the African continent, is often included in the Middle East as well, and is rebounding in tourism. Israel and Jordan share a peaceful border and offer unforgettable attractions. A good tour operator can take you safely to this fascinating region, so filled with history and architectural wonders. 

Though the news focuses on the conflicts surrounding the Middle East, many of these countries are safe and welcoming to visitors, though always make sure you have the right precautions in place. These countries are home to hidden treasures from ancient ruins to culinary gems, to enrapturing landscapes. While countries like Turkey, Egypt, and Israel have been top destinations for travelers for years, others have not gotten the attention they deserve. These less visited destinations, like Iran, for example, are great for getting off the beaten path exploring away from the tourist crowds.

History and Ancient Ruins

The Middle East is known to hold the Cradle of Civilization, the fertile strip of land between the Tigris and Euphrates river in modern day Iraq in which some of the most ancient and powerful civilizations were born. Though these ancient civilizations like Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, and Persia have collapsed, the entire region is dotted with their impressive legacies. Of course, you have the legendary Egyptian pyramids, still standing proudly over the desert where they have existed for thousands of years. In Iran, you can explore the elaborately carved tombs and palaces of the ancient city of Persepolis, whose earliest remains of date back to 515 BCE. Israel is also home to hundreds of ancient sites, many in the holy city of Jerusalem.

Arts and Culture

This region is also home to cities and caravansaries through which the Silk Road passed, circulating ideas and cultures from the Far East. Some cities are among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. From the 8th to the 13th century, this area was a goldmine for Islamic arts and culture. While Europe was in its dark ages, the Middle East was experiencing a vibrant Golden Age, where academic pursuits, art, and music flourished. With cultures that created such lush fabrics, intricate embroidery, tempting spices, and strong fragrances, you can easily see how the European Orientalist movement of the 19th century was inspired by the region’s beauty and mystery.

This rich cultural heritage is still thriving in cosmopolitan cities like Tel Aviv, Tehran, and Istanbul, where history and modern culture merge. You can kick off your shoes and sit down on Turkish rug to smoke a nargile (water pipe) and listen to a musician perform long musical improvisations influenced by melodies from Greek, Persian, Arabic and Romany music.

Culinary Traditions

Wandering the souks of Marrakech or other cities, the fragrances slow roasting meats and spiced dishes will stop you in your tracks. Middle Eastern food often shares the same ingredients as Mediterranean food, one of the world’s most healthy diets, and not to mention, most delicious. Culinary traditions vary from country to country, but you can savor dishes made with pomegranates, dates, pistachios, olive oil, honey, mint, and a wide array of fresh vegetables and meats. Try the thick coffee and syrup-sweet baklava in Turkey, the halawa, a sesame paste sweet in Egypt, and an aromatic tagine in Tunisia.

Outdoors

Each country in the Middle East offers unique outdoor experiences. For many, the grandest experience of all is camping in the Sahara desert. In Jordan, take a tour with a Bedouin tribe, riding a camel through the desert that stretches for miles all around you. In the evening, share a meal and mint tea with your hosts under the stars in a traditional tent. You can also go on a trekking tour in the High Atlas Mountains in Morocco, stopping along the way to visit tiny local villages hidden within the slopes.

The Dead Sea in Israel is a great place to heal your tired feet. Because of the high level of salt, you float effortlessly, while your body is healed through sea salt and nourishing minerals. 

In Turkey, you will find the most bizarre natural landscapes of Cappadochia. Comprised of many valleys you can navigate, this region is dominated by “fairy chimneys”-soft stone tower formations that jut out from the ground. For hundreds of years, locals have been carving them out and using them for everything from a house to a hotel, a church, and even an entire monastery. Wander the valleys and explore ancient cave churches from the 9th century, with vivid frescoes of biblical scenes.

Related Guides

Countries:

Iran, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

Attractions:

Petra, Jordan; Dead Sea, Jordan; Istanbul, Tukey; Karnak, Egypt; Pyramids of Giza, Egypt; Burj Khalifa, U.A.E; and Many More

Top Activities:   

Exploring Ruins & Archaelogy, River Cruises and History Sightseeing

3,421
Middle East Tour Reviews - Summary
98% Recommend

4.7 out of 5
Excellent 2,517 Great 763 Average 113 Disappointing 14 Terrible 14
Value
4.7 Guide
4.7 Activities
4.7 Lodging
4.7 Transportation
4.7 Meals
4.7

A

Recommends

Fantastic tour – loved it! January 2017

5.0

Best of Turkey by Gulet

So much fun with friends. Awesome service and guide :)

Operator Travel Talk

JC

Recommends

The time we spent was amazing. January 2017

5.0

Egypt Family Adventure

The whole 10 days exploring the past civilizations of Egypt with Look at Egypt Tours were all very memorable and I was mind blown with the brilliant condition of the monuments. The time we spent was amazing. The knowledge, professionalism and passion of the Egyptologists will help ensure that the whole holiday experience will live with us for many years to come. As a couple who have travelled extensively around the world, this is one of our most memorable and enjoyable holidays. The organization of our holiday from our landing in Cairo, through trips to enjoy Egypt's wonderful past and an understanding of its current issues, the people, the beautiful scenery and relaxation of cruising on the Nile. The visits to the Pyramids, Temples and Tombs was second to none. For those contemplating a trip to Egypt - just go!! You will not be disappointed. Read more

Operator Look at Egypt

S

Recommends

Jordan Experience November 2016

5.0

Jordan Experience Summer 2018

A fleeting visit to a fascinating country with a guide who revealed the highlights in an efficient, flexible program, with lots of well-informed background information as we went.

Operator Trafalgar

RVA

Recommends

Awesome Experience November 2016

5.0

Majestic Morocco

We just returned from the Majestic Morocco Tour ending November 13 and we were truly overwhelmed with the experience. The tour guide Larbi El Mahdar was incredible, he was gracious and kind and his goal appeared to be ensure that our visit was a success! and he accomplished that. His knowledge was great, he helped each individual as if they were the only person on the trip. He was a great representative for Morocco as we referred to him as the "Minister of Tourism" throughout the trip. Our entire trip was enjoyable due to the accommodations and the way he handled each person's unique need. Thank you Larbi for ensuring our trip was a great experience! Read more

Operator SmarTours

DC

Recommends

Excellent October 2016

5.0

Toubkal Climb

Mohammed was excellent!

Operator Explore!

K

Recommends

Had so much fun on the Moroccan October 2016

5.0

Rock Climbing & Adventure in Todra Gorge

Had so much fun on the Moroccan canyoning trip to the middle Atlas. It was extremely well organized from start to finish. Fantastic food, accommodation, Adventure & culture!! Would highly recommend this to anyone wanting a good overall insight into Morocco. Definitely booking up with Rug&Rock again!! Read more

Operator Rug & Rock Adventures

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